Sunday, June 24, 2012

Every moment, a teaching moment, with Tony Burroughs

For those of you who have not heard, the 40th SCGS Annual Summer Workshop will be held July 13-14 at the South Carolina Department of Archives and History in Columbia, SC. This is an event you will want to be sure to attend! So register today!

Tony speaking at Black Summit
One of the presenters will be Tony Burroughs, a professional genealogist, author, and lecturer.  There has been no time where I have attended one of his presentations and not come away with new insights into my own research.  

Tony's lectures and descriptions

His integration of history and personal experience breathes life into research and is quite encouraging for those just starting. Tony kindly shared the titles and descriptions of his lectures for the upcoming July workshop:

SCDAH, Photo by Robin Foster

Using the iPhone and iPad for Genealogy
iPads and iPhones are the hottest gadgets around. Genealogists are using them in dozens of ways to do genealogy anywhere and everywhere in unique ways. With 500,000 apps and growing, this talk may change your phone service.

Southern Blacks in New England Records
Since northerners assisted Blacks during and following the Civil War, many records are found in New England where the Yankees lived. Learn this hidden treasure trove of sources.

Anatomy of a Pension file
What are the hidden messages of government abbreviations, notations and bureaucracy in pension files? Understanding the documents, the pension process, and processing the information will squeeze the most out of a military pension file.

Creating Order Out of Chaos

Have you searched in every courthouse, every library, and every archives and still haven't solved your riddle?  One of the keys to success in genealogy is doing more with what you have.  Sometimes the pieces are there, we just need to look at them in different ways. Reorganizing and analyzing may solve your riddle.

Words of wisdom from Tony Burroughs

Tony graciously answered three questions which I knew would illustrate his love of genealogy, history, and community:

Why is it important for parents and grandparents to share their oral history?


Parents and grandparents sharing their history:
  • educates the family
  • leaves a foundation for their children and grandchildren to build upon
  • adds to the legacy of the family

If stories of parents and grandparents are not told descendants will be left pondering the questions:

How did we get here? 
Where did our family come from?
What is our family about?

"The stories parents and grandparents have in their head are not on the internet, found in a library, or found in the courthouse. If they don't tell their stories, they take the stories with them to the grave to be buried forever. How many questions do you have for your great-great-grandparents that may never be answered? Telling their stories are important for family history and community history. Unfortunately, all too often we only have the letters, diaries, interviews and autobiographies of wealthy people who lived in the community. This leaves a very biased view of community history. And while things are constantly changing, it is important to know the past in order understand the present, and plan for the future."

What project that you were involved with in the community had the most impact on you, and why?

"I could name several community projects that had great impacts on me. Probably the first was being a 7th grade sit-in student to integrate Chicago Public Schools. My mom was an organizer and at a young age I learned the power of community organizing, civil disobedience, non-violent protest, sacrifice and the power of the people. I also learned about institutional racism and the power of the press. This early experience probably set the stage for me wanting to help other people."
"Another community project that had a great impact on me was becoming vice-president and then president of our local, Afro-American Genealogical and Historical Society of Chicago. I was able to use my organizing and management skills to grow the membership and finances of the organization and raise its public profile locally and nationally. In giving back to the genealogy community, it in turn opened new doors for me to the national stage of genealogy. That was not part of the plan."

What historical event in the life of an ancestor had the most impact on you, and how so?


"Learning my paternal grandfather, Attorney Asa Morris Burroughs, became president of the Cook County Bar Association in 1928 is one of the historical events that had a great impact on me. I thought Granddad was an average lawyer. We lived in the same apartment building when I was growing up, and my father never mentioned any of Granddad's accomplishments. Once I learned he rose to the height of his profession it gave a huge since of pride in my family history. It taught me that even though you live with someone doesn't mean you know them. It also taught me that researching recent ancestors is just as important as researching ancestors many generations in the past. I continued to research Granddad and developed an even greater respect for him when I discovered he dropped out of law school and dropped out of high school. His father died when Granddad was ten years old, and when his mother became ill, Granddad dropped out of high school to take care of her. He landed a job as a messenger boy in a law office and worked his way up to being a lawyer. Those are big shoes to fill."


From Robin Foster

I attribute much of my own success and love of oral history and research to the class I took years ago at Chicago State University where Tony was the instructor.  Because I applied the principles he taught with regards to conducting oral history interviews, I have recorded, extracted, preserved, and researched interviews of loved ones who now are long gone.  Those interviews still are guiding me to historical documentation.  In that day, I also interviewed my father-in-law. He gave me names of loved ones generations past.  I am the only person with that information, and I am still discovering people from that interview (Just last night, I found the marriage of Jacob McClure)  My daughter has the advantage of knowing her history on her maternal and paternal side.  Over the years, Tony has constantly encouraged African Americans to be hopeful about finding documentation and has mapped the process, and I am especially grateful for his revelations about us documenting marriages prior to 1865.  I am actually making those discoveries now.  So thank you, Tony!  

Saturday, June 23, 2012

McGill overnights at historic Heyward-Washington

How I wish I could have been even a fly on the wall at this overnight to listen to the exchange between Paul Garbarini, Terry James, and Joseph McGill, Jr.  Thank you for working to tell the rest of the story!

Robin Foster
About Our Freedom

Heyward-Washington House

Heyward-Washington House Blog
By Joseph McGill, Jr. | Field Officer | Charleston Field Office
National Trust for Historic Preservation | William Aiken House l 456 King Street, 3rd Floor, Charleston, South Carolina 29403 |Phone: 843-722-8552 | Fax: 843-722-8652 |

"I can only say that there is not a man living who wishes more sincerely than I do to see a plan adopted for the abolition of slavery."
 George Washington

No stranger to tourists, arguably the Heyward Washington House is the most historically significant stay to date for the Slave Dwelling Project.  If one can overcome its biggest obstacle, that is, finding a parking space close by, they could easily be amazed by all the site has to offer.  Its website, Heyward-Washington House, states the following:

“Located in the downtown Historic District, within the area of the original walled city, this brick double house was built in 1772 by rice planter Daniel Heyward as a town-house for his son, Thomas Heyward, Jr.  The City rented it for George Washington's use during the President's week-long Charleston stay, in May 1791, and it has traditionally been called the "Heyward-Washington House."

Thomas Heyward, Jr. (1746-1809) was a patriot leader, signer of the Declaration of Independence, and artillery officer with the South Carolina militia during the American Revolution. Captured when the British took Charleston in 1780, he was exiled to St. Augustine, Florida, but was exchanged in 1781. Heyward sold the house in 1794. It was acquired by the Museum in 1929, opened the following year as Charleston's first historic house museum, and was recognized as a National Historic Landmark in 1978.

Here you will experience a magnificent collection of Charleston-made furniture including the priceless Holmes Bookcase, considered to be the finest example of American-made furniture. Other buildings on the site include the carriage shed, with an 18th-century well just beneath, and the kitchen building (the only preserved kitchen of its time open to the public in Charleston), which was constructed in the 1740s. The exquisite formal garden features plants familiar to Charlestonians in the late 18th century, and the picturesque surrounding neighborhood was used by Dubose Heyward as the setting for Porgy and Bess.”

The rest of the story

It is those other buildings mentioned on the website that gives the Slave Dwelling Project its purpose that is to tell the rest of the story.  Of those other buildings, the kitchen is where I along with Terry James and Paul Garbarini would spend the night on Friday, June 15, 2012 but more about that later.  Who made the bricks to build the Heyward-Washington House and other houses in the city of Charleston prior to the emancipation of slaves?  Who physically built the houses?  Who serviced the houses?  It is questions like those that inspire me to carry on with this project. 

Thirty-five stays in eleven states has allowed the Slave Dwelling Project to become more refined.  I now insist on conducting at least one public program to accompany each overnight stay.  This works well for properties that are open to public visitation on a daily basis.  It has also proven successful at some properties that are privately owned however, that choice will continue to be at the discretion of the property owner.

Joseph McGill, Jr.
The Slave Dwelling Project at the Heyward-Washington House

The Heyward-Washington House presented a great opportunity to conduct a public program before the stay.  This stay was also an opportunity for the Slave Dwelling Project to further enhance its collaboration with the South Carolina National Heritage Corridor.  The publicity leading up to the event generated a respectable diverse audience of project followers, neighbors and new comers who in my opinion, made the question and answer period more interesting than the lecture itself.  The weather cooperated to provide the best open air class room for the project. The audience seated comfortably, the “big house”, the kitchen, all the other buildings, and I were all situated within fifteen feet of each other.


The space where we would sleep was adorned with many of the items that may have been found in a functioning kitchen of that period.  We did not have access to the second level of the structure but it was historically used for sleeping space.  Like many stays before, the invitation was open to anyone wanting to share the experience with me.   That night, I would be joined by “Old Reliable” Terry James and Paul Garbarini.  This would be Terry’s 11th stay and of course Paul’s first.  Terry did not get here until very late into the night so it gave Paul and me ample time for quality chat.  

Some subjects of note were:
  • the tourism industry in Charleston
  • the freedman’s tag recently found on a plantation in the Charleston area 
  • my interaction with the group Coming To The Table
  • and many more matters of interest.  

Terry’s arrival enhanced the opportunity to broaden the conversation.  It was not long before the three of us were asleep in the tranquil environment, Terry again sleeping in the slave shackles.

Paul Garbarini and Terry James
The following morning was met with haste.  Paul’s invitation for the three of us to have coffee at a nearby establishment had to be declined because of a prior commitment that Terry and I made.  We had to be in Cheraw, SC by 11:00 am to participate in a Civil War encampment at the Southern African American Heritage Center a trip that would take three hours.  With that in mind, Terry’s usual routine of meticulously taking pictures had to be hastened.  To the best of our abilities, we left the site just as we found it.

Slave dwelling at Heyward-Washington House

It was my desire to interact with descendants of those who were enslaved at the Heyward-Washington House.  With the challenges that exist for conducting African American genealogical research, I should not have been surprised when I found none.  I am often encouraged by followers of the Slave Dwelling Project to connect the places that I stay to people who were enslaved there.  Despite not finding any descendants of the enslaved, I was encouraged by an email that I got a few days prior to the Heyward-Washington House stay.  The sender of the email reminded me that we both met at the national gathering of the group Coming To The Table and regretted that they could not be joining me for the stay as they had wished.  They further reminded me that they were a descendant of one of the slave owners of the Heyward-Washington House.  Moreover, this person was more than willing to share additional information but I will let them be more forthcoming with that information in a manner with which they are comfortable.

The Heyward-Washington was no Mount Vernon, but George Washington did sleep there.  I did not find any descendents of those who were enslaved at the Heyward-Washington House but I did find a descendant of the enslaver.  I also got to further my research into urban slavery.  It is my hope that other opportunities like this are presented in the future.

"It is impossible to rightly govern a nation without God and the Bible."
George Washington


The Slave Dwelling Project
By Paul Garbarini

Paul Garbarini

Thank you, Joe, for creating the Slave Dwelling Project.  The importance of your work was obvious to me the first time I heard of it.  The slave dwellings in danger of neglect and loss need you, need all of us, to keep the memory of who lived there alive.

While this home to enslaved people is not in danger of loss,  the clarity of Charleston’s slave dwellings is sometimes muddied by calling them by other names.  Out buildings.  Servant’s quarters.  Carriage house.  Dependencies.

Servant quarters is not necessarily wrong.  Some indentured servants almost certainly slept away from the main house.  Carriage houses also housed the enslaved grooms and drivers charged with the care of the tack and horses.

My favorite is “dependencies.” Who was dependent on whom?

In Charleston, from 1800-1850, the majority of the population was enslaved.    Slave dwellings were everywhere.  A few blocks away from here, according to the 1861 Charleston census, #33 Church St was inhabited by slaves and free blacks. #35 Church the same.  In # 59, slaves lived there by themselves.  #75, the same.   I still need to confirm the houses and addresses because numbering changed, but the relative distance from here is the same.  I do know that #20 Church was owned by tinsmith Robert Forbes and housed all but one one of his slaves. The one slave was William and he lived with Forbes at #12 Tradd just around the corner.

I am a tour guide.    I’ve studied and researched historic properties. Any house in Charleston which was here before 1865 could have been a slave dwelling at one time or another.  It was probably built in part with slave labor.

The Akan people of Ghana use the Adinkra symbol of Sankofa.  It means, “go back and get it.”  or "It is not wrong to go back for that which you have forgotten.”

Why am I here?  For clarity.  I’m here for clarity.

After our overnight stay,  I was compelled to find out who really lived there and maybe track their descendants.  Melanie Wilson, of the Charleston Museum, clarified the address and the name of one of the owners. A widow, Margaret Munroe, owned the property in the mid-1800’s.  She died in 1847.  Her estate carried on and ran it as a boarding house.  In the 1861 Charleston Census, the occupants were listed as “slaves.”  It was a common practice at the time for slave holders to rent property in the city for those slaves who were “hired out.”  The owners would profit from the labor of skilled craftsmen and women and pay them a very small amount for their efforts.

In 1847, at Mrs. Munroe’s death, some of her property was sold including the following people.     Say their names out loud:

Peter               Mathias          Henry
Louisa             Martha           Margaret
Eve                  Clarissa         Daniel
Clarence         Alfred            Sarah and two children

Sunday, June 10, 2012

Willis Augustus Hodges (1815-1890), A free man of color

The quest for freedom began much earlier than many of us realize. Stories of great men and women are often absent from the annals of history.  In the March 28th issue of The Freedman, a Indianapolis paper where his autobiography was published nearly six years after his death, Willis Augustus Hodges was referred to as "one of freedom's pioneers." He was born free, but he worked his entire life an an abolitionist and then a leader during the days of Reconstruction. He was one of 12 children, and his family overcame many setbacks due to prejudice and unfair practices among slaveholders. This is the beginning of a series on the Hodges family. See Whether free or slave, “one man of sorrow”

Source: via Robin on Pinterest

Willis Augustus Hodges (1815-1890) Photo credit: New York Public Library

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